Click on a speaker's name for an abstract. A print version of the program can be found here.
Monday | Tuesday | Wednesday | Thursday | Friday | |
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10:00 - 11:45 am | Figueroa-O'Farrill | Figueroa-O'Farrill | Figueroa-O'Farrill | Figueroa-O'Farrill | Figueroa-O'Farrill |
lunch break | |||||
1:30 - 2:15 pm | Zabzine | Zabzine | Zabzine | Zabzine | Zabzine |
2:30 - 3:15 pm | Kuzenko | WIMSIG gathering | Buchbinder | Norbury | Ridout |
3:30 - 4:15 pm | The | Baraglia | Chernov | Wood | |
7:30 pm | Workshop dinner |
On Tuesday at 3:00 pm, there will be a Women In Mathematics gathering, which is open to women and men. This is an opportunity for the workshop participants and staff members of South Australian mathematics departments to meet and get to know each other. This meeting is supported by the AustMS Women in Mathematics Special Interest Group (WIMSIG).
A famous problem in topology, first solved by Hodgkin in 1967, is to determine the K-theory of compact simply-connected Lie groups. Hodgkin's original proof was extremely technical, motivating the discovery of a number of simpler proofs. In this talk I will present a new, surprisingly simple proof of Hodgkin's theorem using the Fourier-Mukai transform in twisted K-theory. This talk is based on joint work with Pedram Hekmati.
I will discuss four-dimensional compactifications of the \(\mathrm{E}_8\times\mathrm{E}_8\) heterotic string theory on a Calabi-Yau manifold with \(\mathrm{S}(\mathrm{U}(4)\times\mathrm{U}(1))\) background gauge fields. Such models arise near the boundary of the stability cone where the vector bundle becomes polystable. In field theory the gauge group receives an additional \(\mathrm{U}(1)\) factor which, under certain conditions, can combine with hypercharge to a global \(B-L\) symmetry (the difference between the baryon and lepton quantum numbers). I will present a specific model based on the monad construction, which leads to a supersymmetric standard model with three families of quarks and leptons, one pair of Higgs doublets, three right-handed neutrinos and no exotics charged under the standard model group. The presence of the \(B-L\) symmetry means that the model is safe from proton decay induced by dimension four operators. Due to the presence of a special locus in moduli space where the bundle structure group is Abelian and the low-energy symmetry enhances dimension five proton-decay inducing operators are also absent. In addition, this model possesses a certain Yukawa hierarchy which, in particular, leads to a large top quark mass.
Low conjecture and the Legendrian Low conjecture formulated by Natário and Tod say that for many spacetimes \(X\) two events \(x\), \(y\) in \(X\) are causally related if and only if the link of spheres \(S_x\), \(S_y\) whose points are light rays passing through \(x\) and \(y\) is non-trivial in the contact manifold \(N\) of all light rays in \(X\). We prove the Low and the Legendrian Low conjectures and show that similar statements are in fact true in almost all 4-dimensional globally hyperbolic spacetimes. We also show that on many 4-manifolds there is a unique smooth structure underlying a globally hyperbolic Lorentz metric. For instance, every contractible smooth 4-manifold admitting a globally hyperbolic Lorentz metric is diffeomorphic to the standard \(\mathbb{R}^4\).
A short historical introduction to supersymmetry and supergravity will be followed by the introduction of the main example: eleven-dimensional supergravity. We will define the notion of supersymmetric supergravity background and introduce the classification problem.
We will go through some examples of supersymmetric supergravity backgrounds and discuss the state of the art in the classification problem. We will discuss the Killing superalgebra of a background, compute it in some examples and show and look at its properties under geometric limits.
After a very brief discussion of the gauge/gravity correspondence, we will focus on the case of M2 branes: a conjectured correspondence between certain kinds of eleven-dimensional supersymmetric supergravity backgrounds and certain kinds of three-dimensional superconformal field theories. I will discuss in some detail some of the classification results on the gravity side.
Three-dimensional superconformal field theories dual to M2 branes have a rich algebraic structure, encoded in a Lie-like algebra defined by a ternary product. We will discuss the structure of these so-called 3-algebras and some of their properties.
We discuss the relationship between metric 3-algebras and metric Lie algebras and state (and sketch the proofs) of several classification results.
This lecture will provide a pedagogical review of the formalism to determine supersymmetric backgrounds in off-shell supergravity theories, which was originally developed in 1995 in four spacetime dimensions. Alternative approaches to generate supersymmetric backgrounds have been advocated in the last four years. We will show how to read off the key results of these approaches from the formalism introduced twenty years go.
I will describe a relationship between two powerful geometric tools in mathematical physics – topological recursion and Frobenius manifolds. Topological recursion is a procedure, originally arising out of matrix models, that computes a sequence of differentials on a plane curve. It gives a uniform description of a vast array of enumerative problems such as intersection numbers on the moduli space of curves, Gromov-Witten invariants, Hurwitz problems and knot invariants. A Frobenius manifold is essentially a family of 2-dimensional TQFTs. It is a manifold equipped with a Frobenius algebra structure – a product and a metric – on its tangent space at each point, which is encoded by a single potential that satisfies a nonlinear partial differential equation known as the Witten-Dijkgraaf-Verlinde-Verlinde (WDVV) equation. The talk will include a brief introduction to each of these topics.
The two-dimensional superconformal algebras predate the genesis of conformal field theory, first appearing in the dual resonance models that became superstring theory. These extended symmetries play fundamental roles in many applications of string theory to mathematics, for example in mirror symmetry, the AdS/CFT correspondence and Mathieu moonshine. Considering the enormous literature on these applications, our understanding of these superalgebras and their representation theories is surprisingly poor. This talk will review two-dimensional superconformal algebras, discuss some of the limits of our knowledge, and outline a broad framework whose aims include rectifying this state of affairs.
For a given type of geometric structure, there is often a gap between the maximal and "submaximal" (infinitesimal) symmetry dimensions. This was first observed in the late 19th century for Riemannian metrics and such symmetry gaps were subsequently classified for various other geometric structures on a case-by-case basis. In recent work, Boris Kruglikov and I found a uniform approach to the symmetry gap problem for parabolic geometries, which is a diverse class of geometric structures that include conformal, projective, CR, 2nd order ODE systems, and large classes of generic distributions. A priori, submaximally symmetric structures need not even be homogeneous, but remarkably, in many cases this geometric problem reduces to Dynkin diagram combinatorics, and some submaximally symmetric models can be "immediately" found (in a sense that I will describe).
String theories with Lie group target spaces define conformal field theories with affine Lie algebra symmetry. These theories constitute some of the first examples of conformal field theories ever considered. They are characterised by a parameter called the level and while non-negative integer levels are those which commonly appear in string theory, there are infinitely many other fractional levels which give rise to interesting conformal field theories that have received far less attention. This talk will give an overview of a wide reaching programme that aims to classify the representation theory of these fractional level affine Lie algebra conformal field theories, in the generality needed for physics applications.
In differential geometry, the Atiyah-Bott-Berline-Vergne localization formula states that the integral of an equivariant cohomology class on a manifold \(M\) with the torus action has only contributions from the fixed point set of the action. My main goal will be the discussion of the infinite dimensional version of this localization formula and its applications to the supersymmetric gauge theories on curved manifolds in different dimensions. I will start by reviewing the Atiyah-Bott-Berline-Vergne theorem and reformulating it in the supergeometric language which is well-adapted to the infinite dimensional generalizations. As a first example, I will consider the Chern-Simons theory on three manifolds with \(\mathrm{U}(1)\) action. Next I will review the 5D supersymmetric gauge theories on toric manifolds. If time allows I will briefly review the state of art in different dimensions, 2D, 3D, 4D, 5D, 6D and 7D.
The workshop dinner will be at the Red Ochre Grill on Tuesday, April 14, at 7:30 pm.